underlay buying guide
Underlay is not an optional extra - it's an integral ingredient that shapes how flooring feels, wears and looks. As a leading UK supplier of home flooring, we make it our business to know all there is to know about all flooring options and accessories.
A hugely important part of most flooring purchases is underlay. The right underlay will increase the comfort level of your flooring, as well as the lifespan of carpet by a whopping 30 – 50%. It acts as a shock absorber, protecting flooring from the comings and goings of a normal household ensuring your flooring remains looking and feeling fabulous.
Some people think it’s OK to use existing underlay and if it’s quite new then that’s fine. But old underlay is much more likely to show signs of wear, especially in a high traffic area of your home, which will cause ridges and make the carpet wear unevenly. It will harbour dirt and dust and should be replaced when installing new carpets.
With the help of our experts, we’ve created this buying guide to make it easier for you to find the right underlay for your floor. Let our new home expert, Lucy Alexander take you through our four easy steps to the perfect floor in the video below.
why choose underlay?
Sometimes overlooked and even dismissed as a pointless additional expense, underlay is actually an integral element that shapes how flooring feels, wears and looks. It’s key to the finish of your floor and the longevity of your flooring. Getting the right underlay will ensure you get your money’s worth!
• adds a cushioned depth of comfort underfoot
• acts like a shock absorber, protecting the condition of your floor
• acts as a barrier against noise and helps with soundproofing
• acts as an insulator and could save you money on your energy bills!
Underlay adds a level of cushioning underneath your carpet, luxury vinyl tile, laminate or engineered wood flooring making it much more comfortable for your feet to walk on.
Underlay can also help towards reducing your energy bills by a significant amount as it traps heat under your floor, insulating the room and keeping it warm. This insulation doesn’t just stop at heat though, underlay also helps to insulate against sound, keeping in-room noise to a minimum which can be a great benefit for upstairs rooms or if you live in a flat. Its important to note that there is more than one kind of underlay. Read on to discover the underlay that will suit your room and flooring type best.
types of carpet underlay
There are many different types of underlay for use with different flooring and for different rooms which vary in their make-up, depending on what we need from them. Carpet underlay acts like a shock absorber, helping carpets bounce back from heavy wear and footfall. Your carpet will look better for longer because the underlay helps prevent the pile from flattening. Below are the different types of carpet underlay available.
Most of the underlay sold used to be made from rubber. This has been overtaken by polyurethane – usually called “PU”. It’s made from offcuts or from foam that’s been recycled. What’s great about PU is that it comes in different thicknesses and densities to suit all floors and budgets. It’s a great all rounder.
Sponge rubber underlay is still popular although nowadays it’s made from synthetic rather than natural rubber. It can give a really luxurious and comfortable feel. Available in various thicknesses this underlay is great for use all around the home. Choose a super thick version to bring comfort and luxury to your lounge or master bedroom. Guaranteed for the lifetime of the carpet.
If you have underfloor heating you need to consider the tog rating of your underlay. Just like when you are choosing a quilt, the tog rating measures how easily heat can pass though. We have a special underlay with a low tog rating designed for use with underfloor heating.
This underlay is dense and durable and ideal for use all around the home including areas that have to cope with lots of traffic like the hall, stairs and landing.
Every square metre of underlay contains at least one car tyre! It’s the number one choice for heavy wear areas and best for maintaining the look of your new carpet. Guaranteed for the lifetime of the carpet.
Felt/Crumb rubber combination
This underlay combines the comfort of felt with the resilience of crumb rubber with every square metre of rubber containing at least one car tyre! It’s excellent for both sound and heat insulation and perfect for use in all rooms. It’s suitable for use with woven Axminster and Wilton carpets.
types of hard flooring underlay
Underlay for hard flooring; like laminate, wood flooring or luxury vinyl tiles; helps to protect the joints in the planks or tiles, reducing any risk of flexing to extend the life of your flooring. Below are the different types of hard flooring underlay available.
Luxury Vinyl Tile
This underlay made specifically for use with luxury vinyl tiles is constructed from dense rubber. The top side is slightly tacky which helps to prevent the tiles from slipping when they’re installed. Perfect for use with underfloor heating, this underlay improves sound insulation reducing in-room noise by up to 30%.
This moisture proof underlay also provides great sound insulation and is designed specifically for use with laminate or wood flooring. Made from foam, this easy to install underlay will help to cover minor sub-floor irregularities of up to 1.5mm and is suitable for general domestic use.
This underlay for wood and laminate flooring is constructed from a highly dense, heavy-duty synthetic rubber and has a fleece backing that provides extra stability and insulation. With its exceptional resistance to compression, this underlay reduces any risk of flexing making your wood flooring joints super secure, even if you’re using super heavy furniture. Suitable for heavy domestic use around the home.
Low thermal resistance
Perfect for use with underfloor heating, Heatflow underlays are made from rubber with a low tog rating. This enables heat to flow freely through them into the room increasing energy efficiency and reducing bills. This underlay is available in two types for either carpet or wood flooring and is great for sound insulating too.
understanding tog ratings
You may have previously only ever seen a tog rating on bedding but it’s just as relevant when it comes to underlay. Thickness, density and composition dictate the tog rating of a carpet or underlay and they vary widely. A tog rating is a measure of heat insulation and when it comes to flooring it’s a great indicator of which underlay is good for use with underfloor heating.
The lower the tog rating the better in these scenarios because more heat can rise up through the flooring and into the room. We would only recommend a maximum tog rating of 2.5 for underlay and carpet combined for use with underfloor heating.
A higher tog rating on the other hand means greater level of heat insulation which is perfect for use with conventional heating systems, as less heat gets lost through the floor, keeping rooms cosier.
finding your ideal underlay
Free sample service
Order up to four free samples online and we will deliver them straight to your door within seven working days. That way you can find the best underlay for your flooring in the comfort of your own home.
Underlay testing station
Visit us in-store where you can try out different underlays under carpets and other flooring for yourself. Our underlay testing station is the best way to feel the difference that underlay can make to flooring.
Free home consultation
Book a free home appointment to receive accurate measuring and advice from our dedicated flooring experts on suitable flooring types, underlay and accessories for your rooms.